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Improve the Accuracy of the LED Flux Testing in the Sphere

According to the particularity of LED luminous flux measurement, unique optimization is adopted in the design of the integrating sphere for LED measurement combined with the diffuse materials of high reflectivity, which makes the system stability and accuracy have great improvement. The experimental results show that the system stability and consistency is much higher than other common LED test system. It is the system which is really suitable for LED optical parameters measurement.

Different with the traditional light source, the luminous flux measurement of LED light source has posed a big challenge to the equipment in testing the veracity in the process of using the integrating sphere to test luminous flux. On one hand, compared with the traditional light source, usually, LED has much stronger directivity, and will not shine evenly in whole space. This feature makes the distribution of LED direct light in the surface of the integrating sphere uneven.

This uneven distribution will cause the direct light of different LED has different reflection features of the detector. Because the position of the detector mouth and the position of the baffle are fixed, the direct performance of various reflection distributions is signal fluctuation. In the ordinary testing system, there exist the differences in LED of different positive divergence angle, the same LED of different placed direction, the same direction with different position. Even the rated luminous flux is the same; the actual measured value is different. Based on the customer’s verification result, the effect of LED placed direction of ordinary LED test system on the luminous flux measurement result is always more than 50 % (the difference of the maximum signal and minimum signal of the same LED measured in different direction).

Different lighting angle has different effect on LED measurement

When measuring the different lighting angle of different LEDs, since the distribution difference of the surface of the inside integrating sphere makes the distribution of the direct reflection have different effect on the detector, it directly affects the difference of the accuracy of the measurement

he inside reflection characteristic of the integrating sphere is one of the crucial factors that make the LED directivity have the impact on the measurement accuracy. In the ordinary LED test system, the reflectivity and the Lambert character of the integrating sphere surface coating are not ideal. One reason is the low reflectivity, and the other reason is the poor diffuse characteristics. The result of the integrating sphere surface of low reflectivity is that the direct light of LED gradually attenuates after few times of reflection. However, during the whole process of mixing light, the direct irradiation light and reflection light have held a very large proportion, which has made a leading role. And in some conditions, low reflectivity materials will cause strong shadow effect on the back of the baffle probe. However, it is the straight reflected light and shadow effect that leads to the inaccurate measurement.

Moreover, lower diffuse reflectivity will seriously affect the attenuation of the signal. Since the light has been reflected for many times in the integrating sphere during the process of the light measurement, each reflection will cause certain attenuation, but the impact of the reflectivity degree on the light intensity has been strengthened after many-times reflection. For example, the reflected light has been reflected for 15 times in the integrating sphere, if there is 5% difference between their reflectivity, the signal attenuation may exceed more than doubled. Actually, the reflectivity difference in the integrating sphere is far more than this.

The current LED test system has not been used as the standard LED for the standard light source. In the process of measurement, we still choose to use the standard halogen tungsten lamp with stable driver as the standard light source. Since there is a big difference in the external structure between the standard lamp and the measuring LED, including the light absorption effect of LED holder and the difference between the standard lamp installation position and LED installation position, all these are the important factors that affect the accuracy of the test result.

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